Pew Research Center has published many studies that compare intracultural perspectives on individualism, the role of government, free expression, religion and morality. Below is a compilation of some of the most important findings from these studies on the cultural differences between countries.
In a spring 2014 study, the Center found that Americans are highly individualistic when compared to their European counterparts. For example, Americans are incredibly likely (73%) to believe that an individual who works hard can find success. Additionally, 57% of Americans disagreed with the statement “success in life is pretty much determined by forces outside our control.”
In a spring 2011 survey, Pew Research Center discovered that European citizens tend to value the state over the individual so that no individual in society is in need. In contract, 58% of Americans believed that all citizens should be free to pursue their life goal’s without interference from the state.
In regard to religion, the Center reports that religion is less important to Europeans than Americans. In a spring 2015 survey, about 53% of Americans reported that religion is very important in their life. As the image below illustrates, this percentage is significantly higher than the percentages of European nations.
In regard to morality on unmarried sex, Americans are significantly more likely to believe that sex between unmarried adults is morally unacceptable. In a 2013 poll, 30% of Americans answered “morally unacceptable” to this question, which was much higher than the percentage of Europeans who answered the same way.
Additionally in the same 2013 poll, it was found that Americans were more likely than Europeans to answer that abortion is unacceptable.